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A Guide to BARD Mobile for iOS

Intro

Hi! Welcome to my guide on BARD Mobile.

I will make sure you are familiar with all the elements and screens, the ones that are most important I mean.

So, what are we waiting for? Lets do this!

Halt! You Must Know This…

In order to use this app, you must have a BARD account or NLS account as you may call it. Yeah, I know you are like, awww, but that’s how they do it.

So, you must have that set up. ###Signing In
You must first agree to the terms of service/privacy policy by selecting the agree button before you can sign in.

Once you do that, you can sign in with your account credentials. Then, hit the login button.

The app will load for a bit, then you will be in your Bookshelf screen.

Bookshelf

Your Bookshelf is your main tab in the BARD Mobile app.

The books that you get are organized in four folders/categories.

  1. Audio books

  2. Audio magazines

  3. Braille books

  4. Braille magazines

You may also see a help folder with some tips or guides that you can consult.

Lets move to the tabs at the bottom of the screen.

Tabs/Sections

In the BARD Mobile app, the sections are organized in tabs.

The first tab is selected, which is the Bookshelf tab, which I told you about above.

Secondly, you have you Get Books tab.

Thirdly, your Settings tab.

And finally, your Now Reading tab, which is dimmed if you are not reading anything.

Get Books

In the Get Books tab you can find recent books and recent magazines, along with a Wish List and Browse BARD button.

Sadly, you cannot download a book directly into the app, because there is no search function, so you must select the browse BARD button, otherwise you can look in the most recent books/magazines to find something you like.

When you select Browse BARD, you will be focused in a Safari like interface, but it is not Safari, it’s the built-in app browser.

Use the Rotor settings and put it on headings, then flick down till you find the Find Books heading. Flick right till you find the text field to search the collection.

Type in what you want ot search, and hit return on the onscreen keyboard or the Go button to the right of the text box.

Now, you will get your results. It will tell you how many books were found referring to title, author, annotation, etc.

Adding Books to The Wish List

There are two ways you can do this: you can either keep following my instructions, or use a separate device like a Mac or PC to add to the wish list, then return to the app.

But the iOS way, simply find the book you want and find the add to wish list button in the toolbar associated with the book. If you are satisfied with the books you’ve downloaded you may press the get books back button.

Downloading Books

To download a book that you’ve added to your wish list, locate the wish list button, then locate the book you would like to download by doing a single finger double tap on it. You will get a confirmation alert, and if confirmed with ok, the download will begin.

If you are still in the app when the download completes, you will hear a door bell sound from the app and an alert pop up confirming the book has been successfully downloaded.

Listening to Audio books

To listen to an audio book, go to the Bookshelf tab and select the Audio books folder.

Find your audiobook and double tap.

An audio book player will appear on your screen, in a DAISY type layout.

At the most top you will see the title of the book, a navigation button to take you through the table of contents, an author status, narrator status, and time status.

After that you can find more items like the sleep timer, bookmark, etc.

Previous and Next Buttons

There are two types of previous and next buttons in the player.

First, you have the regular Rewind and Fast Forward buttons you are familiar with.

Then, you have a previous and next button that performs many different things.

In between the Next/Previous buttons you can control what they do. For example, if it is set on jump by chapter, the previous button will move back a chapter, and the next button will move forward a chapter.

There is also jump by phrase, level, parts (if in the book), and more.

The rewind and fast forward button also have a cool function.

If you double tap and hold, it will go back an amount of seconds, minutes or hours. First, it will move back 5 seconds, then it will keep getting bigger as your finger stays held on the screen.

Speed and Tone

You can adjust the speed and tone of the narrator to the right of the fast forward button. This is a toggle button, and to the right of that is the slider to adjust to what the toggle button is toggled on.

For example: if it were on tone, the slider would move the tone. If it were on speed, it would adjust speed.

This is kind of like the next and previous button that I reviewed above.

Reading Braille books

Braille books can be read with a braille display, but VoiceOver is useless. For a computer braille reason, voiceOver does not recognize the contractions, and mistakes them for other signs.

Lets give you an example:

I am singing to myself.

As you can see, VoiceOver said that right. But if it was written in braille, VoiceOver would pronounce it as a computer sign, and it would be like this.

I am s plus plus to myf.

You can see that the I N G symbol was mistaken for the computer braille sign of plus, and the myself contraction mistaken for m y f.

To read it with your braille display, change your braille output setting to eight dot to read the text properly.
VoiceOver is useless as you read, so I recommend getting the audiobook of what you are trying to read in braille book format (if available on BARD).

Settings

Finally, that was a lot of explaining. LOL

We’ve reached the Settings screen.

In the Settings screen there are three sections:

  1. Audio Settings

  2. Visual Settings

  3. User account settings.

. IN the audio settings you can adjust:

  1. Speed

  2. Tone

  3. Background Playback

  4. Auto-lock during playback

  5. Skippable, play (drop down menu)

  6. Verbosity

  7. Restore Defaults.

In visual settings you can djust:

  1. Font Size, Medium (drop down menu)

  2. Contrast, Black & White (drop down menu)

  3. Restore Defaults

In the User Account settings there is:

  1. BARD Account

  2. Auto-lock during download

  3. Restore Defaults

With all these settings you can adjust the app to your liking.

Now Reading

The Now Reading tab is the tab that opens when the app has been opened, and you recently read a book.

For example, if I read the book Holes, in audio book format, I could re-open the app, and zap, the player is there, waiting for me.

The Now Reading tab is dimmed if you delete the book, or reached the end of the book.

Conclusion Well, I enjoyed making this guide.

It may not be perfect, but it may still be helpful.

Like always, for extra help, contact me via AppeVis contact form, or add a comment below.

Thanks for reading.

Keep navigating AppleVis,

Tunmi

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Basic Mac Podcasts Jump-off Point

I totally admit that this started out to be a selfish venture. I’m about to get my first Mac, and I was totally confused by how the items on the site were organized. That and I’m a total PC user, so I got out my trusty text editor and organized a list of what I thought I should listen to in the Podcasts area, organized the way I hoped I should listen. When I was done, I felt guilty, and thought I should share the list here. This is my totally uneducated stab, so please feel free to comment, and suggest corrections, plus by all means, help me be more selfish and learn the right things first, so i don’t have to be too frustrated. Just half kidding. Here goes the list.

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Moving apps around with iOS 10.3.1 using VoiceOver

With iOS 10, a new way exists through the actions rotor on the home screen to move apps around your various home screens. While the old method is still available, the new way of accomplishing this task seems to be preferred by many. The below process was written for iOS version 10.3.1, and if the instructions do not follow this method, chances are good you are not running that version of iOS.

Moving Apps Around Screens

To move an app to a different location of your home screen, do the following:

  1. Locate the app you wish to move.
  2. Flick up or down to the “arrange App” option and double tap.
  3. Double tap again and VoiceOver will prompt: “choose a destination for” followed by the name of the app.
  4. Move to where you wish the app to be located. You can change pages if you like and this will not change the below instructions.
  5. Once you have arrived at where you would like to place the app, flick down with one finger. You can: cancel the move, create a new folder with the app that has VoiceOver focus, place the app before the current item, after the current item, or choose the default action which would bring up the ability to delete the app instead of moving it. Note that if VoiceOver is focused on a folder, an action rotor item for adding the app you are moving will appear. Accomplishing this task is detailed below in the next section. Double tap the option you wish to use, and the app will be placed accordingly.
  6. After placing the app you just moved, the app will show up where you moved it, with all other apps adjusting to accommodate this change. If you wish to move another app, locate it, and flick up or down once to the “move” option and proceed as indicated above.
  7. When you have finished moving things around, press the home button.

Folders

If you wish to place an app in a folder:

  1. Locate the app you wish to move.
  2. Flick up or down to the “arrange App” option and double tap.
  3. Double tap again and VoiceOver will prompt: “choose a destination for” followed by the name of the app.
  4. Move to the folder you wish the app to be sitting in. You can change pages if you like and this will not change the below instructions.
  5. Flick down twice to add the app to the chosen folder and then double tap.
  6. VoiceOver will then either say the app has been added to the folder, or it will indicate that focus is on the app. If VoiceOver reports that the app has been added to the folder, simply double tap the screen to enter the folder. If VoiceOver says You are still focused on the app, it’s lying. It is actually outside of the folder. If this second scenario is the case, Tap anywhere on the screen to regain focus and navigate to the folder you just moved the app to.
  7. The newly placed app in the folder will be placed on the first available icon. Flick down to the option to move the app. You can close the folder, which would let you move the app outside the folder, place it before the app that currently has focus, or place the app you are moving after the app currently in focus. Double tap on the option that best suits your needs.
  8. Press the home button when you are done moving apps to complete the process.

Moving apps out of folders.

  1. From within the folder, locate the app you wish to move outside that folder.
  2. Flick down to the “arrange app” option and double tap twice.
  3. Once it is outside the folder, proceed as indicated in the previous 2 sections as needed.

Note that once you double tap twice to move an app, you can also perform a 2 finger scrub to move out of the folder if you wish. Also note that pressing the Home button will not move you out of the folder, but will exit screen edit mode

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A Complete List of IOS Gestures Available to VoiceOver Users

Below is a listing of iOS finger gestures arranged by gesture type. All text, single document. Verified in iOS 10, using VoiceOver Practice; (Settings>General>Accessibility>VoiceOver>VoiceOver Practice).

Additional tips given at bottom.

Note: Much of the information gathered below is a rearrangement of Apple’s original materials. Some editing has been performed to better fit the layout. Some editor’s additions have been included, from experience and use.

Portions copyright Apple, Inc. All rights reserved.

Basic Navigation

The most direct method of navigation is to lightly drag a finger around on the screen and listen to what it touches. VoiceOver will speak everything you touch.

The Rotor

Use thumb and forefinger, like turning a knob on the surface, to choose different Rotor settings and navigation modes. The Rotor can be turned in both directions. Use 1 Finger flick up and down, to adjust each setting or to navigate in the chosen mode.

You can also place a finger from one hand on the screen, then drag a finger from the other hand around it in a circular motion and it will turn the Rotor.

Flicks

Flick Right or Left

1 Finger: move focus to next or previous item.

2 Fingers: not mapped.

3 Fingers: scroll left or right one page.

4 Fingers: switch to next or previous running app.

Flick Up or Down

1 Finger Up/Down: move focus to next or previous item using Rotor setting. Or change the status of the current Rotor setting.

2 Fingers Down:, read page starting at selected item.

2 Fingers Up: read page starting at top.

3 Fingers Up/Down: scroll up or down one page.

3 Fingers Down when VoiceOver Focus is in the Status Bar: loads Notification Center.

3 Fingers Up when VoiceOver Focus is in the Status Bar: loads Control Center.

4 Fingers: not mapped.

Taps:

Single Tap

1 Finger: select an item without activating.

2 Fingers: if VoiceOver is speaking, pauses and resumes speaking.

3 Fingers: speak page numbers or rows being displayed.

4 Fingers Near Top: move to first element on the screen (usually top-left corner element).

4 Fingers Near Bottom: move to last element on the screen (usually bottom-right corner element).

Double Tap

1 Finger: activate the selected item.

2 Fingers: stop and start the current activity. Answers or hangs up a call, pauses or resumes a video or music, plus others. See VoiceOver practice.

3 Fingers: toggles speech on and off.

4 Fingers: toggles VoiceOver help on or off.

Triple Tap

1 Finger: double tap the selected item.

2 Fingers: activate Item Chooser.

3 Fingers: toggles Screen Curtain on and off.

4 Fingers: not mapped.

Unique Gestures and Tips

Quadruple Tap with 3 Fingers: copy last spoken phrase to the clipboard.

Double Tap with 1 Finger and Hold: drags the selected item. On the Home screen, move, edit or delete apps. In text, pop-up window with editing options.

Double Tap with 2 Fingers and Hold: set a custom label.

Split Tap: place a finger on the selected item, then tap anywhere with another finger to activate the selection.

Activate Anywhere: when a item is selected, you can double-tap anywhere on the screen to activate the item. No need to tap directly on the item.

2 Finger Scrub: like drawing a ‘Z’ with both fingers close together. Dismisses alerts or goes back one screen.

2 Finger Double Tap: when editing text in any field or app, starts and stops dictation.

One Finger Double Tap and Drag: adjust a slider to a new position.

Triple Click Home Button: turns VoiceOver on and off (cam be customized in Settings>General>Accessibility>Accessibility Shortcut).

App Switcher: double-click the Home button to access all running apps; 1 finger flick left or right to move between the apps; double-tap an app with 1 finger to switch to that app; 3 finger flick up to quit a running app.

2 Finger Pinch Open: select text.

2 Finger Pinch Close: unselect text..

iPad Only:

4 Finger Tap Near Right Side of Screen: move focus to next app.

4 Finger Tap Near Left Side of Screen: move focus to previous app.

Note: it is entirely possible that I have overlooked a gesture, so please let me know in the comments of any others that you are aware of.

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A Complete List of IOS Gestures Available to VoiceOver Users

Below is a listing of iOS finger gestures arranged by gesture type. All text, single document. Verified in iOS 10, using VoiceOver Practice; (Settings>General>Accessibility>VoiceOver>VoiceOver Practice).

Additional tips given at bottom.

Note: Much of the information gathered below is a rearrangement of Apple’s original materials. Some editing has been performed to better fit the layout. Some editor’s additions have been included, from experience and use.

Portions copyright Apple, Inc. All rights reserved.

Basic Navigation

The most direct method of navigation is to lightly drag a finger around on the screen and listen to what it touches. VoiceOver will speak everything you touch.

The Rotor

Use thumb and forefinger, like turning a knob on the surface, to choose different Rotor settings and navigation modes. The Rotor can be turned in both directions. Use 1 Finger flick up and down, to adjust each setting or to navigate in the chosen mode.

You can also place a finger from one hand on the screen, then drag a finger from the other hand around it in a circular motion and it will turn the Rotor.

Flicks

Flick Right or Left

1 Finger: move focus to next or previous item.

2 Fingers: not mapped.

3 Fingers: scroll left or right one page.

4 Fingers: switch to next or previous running app.

Flick Up or Down

1 Finger Up/Down: move focus to next or previous item using Rotor setting. Or change the status of the current Rotor setting.

2 Fingers Down:, read page starting at selected item.

2 Fingers Up: read page starting at top.

3 Fingers Up/Down: scroll up or down one page.

3 Fingers Down when VoiceOver Focus is in the Status Bar: loads Notification Center.

3 Fingers Up when VoiceOver Focus is in the Status Bar: loads Control Center.

4 Fingers: not mapped.

Taps:

Single Tap

1 Finger: select an item without activating.

2 Fingers: if VoiceOver is speaking, pauses and resumes speaking.

3 Fingers: speak page numbers or rows being displayed.

4 Fingers Near Top: move to first element on the screen (usually top-left corner element).

4 Fingers Near Bottom: move to last element on the screen (usually bottom-right corner element).

Double Tap

1 Finger: activate the selected item.

2 Fingers: stop and start the current activity. Answers or hangs up a call, pauses or resumes a video or music, plus others. See VoiceOver practice.

3 Fingers: toggles speech on and off.

4 Fingers: toggles VoiceOver help on or off.

Triple Tap

1 Finger: double tap the selected item.

2 Fingers: activate Item Chooser.

3 Fingers: toggles Screen Curtain on and off.

4 Fingers: not mapped.

Unique Gestures and Tips

Quadruple Tap with 3 Fingers: copy last spoken phrase to the clipboard.

Double Tap with 1 Finger and Hold: drags the selected item. On the Home screen, move, edit or delete apps. In text, pop-up window with editing options.

Double Tap with 2 Fingers and Hold: set a custom label.

Split Tap: place a finger on the selected item, then tap anywhere with another finger to activate the selection.

Activate Anywhere: when a item is selected, you can double-tap anywhere on the screen to activate the item. No need to tap directly on the item.

2 Finger Scrub: like drawing a ‘Z’ with both fingers close together. Dismisses alerts or goes back one screen.

2 Finger Double Tap: when editing text in any field or app, starts and stops dictation.

One Finger Double Tap and Drag: adjust a slider to a new position.

Triple Click Home Button: turns VoiceOver on and off (cam be customized in Settings>General>Accessibility>Accessibility Shortcut).

App Switcher: double-click the Home button to access all running apps; 1 finger flick left or right to move between the apps; double-tap an app with 1 finger to switch to that app; 3 finger flick up to quit a running app.

2 Finger Pinch Open: select text.

2 Finger Pinch Close: unselect text..

iPad Only:

4 Finger Tap Near Right Side of Screen: move focus to next app.

4 Finger Tap Near Left Side of Screen: move focus to previous app.

Note: it is entirely possible that I have overlooked a gesture, so please let me know in the comments of any others that you are aware of.

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A Complete List of VoiceOver Keyboard Shortcuts Available on macOS

Compiled below is a rearrangement of Apple’s published VoiceOver key commands charts, edited/confirmed for macOS Sierra.

Editor’s note: VO Key Commands are arranged by Levels. Press and hold the keys below while typing any other key.

Level One: Press Control-Option.

Level Two: Press Control-Option-Shift.

Level Three: Press Control-Option-Command.

Level Four: Press Control-Option-Command-Shift.

A “Combined Listing” has been provided at the end of this document. This offers an arrangement by keypress, with all Control keys and notes included, per key.

Except for the Combined List which is my own arrangement, all information is presented as true as possible to Apple’s original materials.

-End of Editor’s note.

All information provided is copyright Apple, Inc. All rights reserved.

Level One. With VO keys (Control-Option) pressed

Function Keys Row (laptops may include fn key)

Esc, cancel mode.

f1, application summary (Note, press twice to open the Application Chooser).

f2, window summary (Note, press twice to open the Window Chooser).

f3, describe item in VoiceOver cursor.

f4, describe item in keyboard focus.

f5, describe item in mouse pointer (Note, press two or three times to hear the mouse location differently).

f6, describe selected item.

f7, not mapped.

f8, VoiceOver Utility.

f9, not mapped.

f10, tile visuals.

f11, not mapped.

f12, not mapped.

Eject, not mapped.

Number Keys Row

Accent, start moving window, (Esc to stop).

1 through 0, jump to Hot Spot.

– (dash/minus), decrease system volume.

= (equals), increase system volume.

Delete, delete ruler marker (in TextEdit).

Tab Key Row

Tab, ignore next key press.

q, not mapped.

w, read word (Note, press two or three times to spell a word in different ways).

e, not mapped.

r, read row header description (Note, press twice to read the contents of a table row from the VoiceOver cursor to the end of the row).

t, text attributes.

y, not mapped.

u, VoiceOver Rotor.

i, Item Chooser.

o, not mapped.

p, read paragraph.

[ (left bracket), move to previous Hot Spot.

] (right bracket), move to next Hot Spot.

\ (backslash), open or close disclosure triangle.

Caps Lock Key Row

caps lock, pressed can be substitute for VO keys.

a, read all. Reads contents of VO cursor (Note, when interacting with text, reads from the VoiceOver cursor to bottom of text).

s, read current sentence.

d, go to Dock.

f, find text.

g, find next searched text.

h, VoiceOver help menu (Note, press twice to open the Commands menu).

j, jump to linked item.

k, Live keyboard help (practice).

l, read line.

; (semi-colon), lock or unlock VoiceOver keys.

’ (apostrophe), not mapped.

Return, When in text area, start selection mode, press again to stop selecting.

Shift Key Row

z, read last phrase.

x, Activity Chooser (Note, press twice to switch to the previous activity).

c, read character or column header (Note, press twice to; in text – hear character phonetically. in tables – hear the contents of a column from the VoiceOver cursor to the bottom of the column).

v, verbosity rotor.

b, read from top to VoiceOver cursor.

n, opens Notifications menu with list of current Notifications.

m, menu bar (Note, press twice to jump to the status menu in the menu bar).

, (comma), mark item to drag and drop.

. (period), drop item on VoiceOver cursor.

/ (slash), create custom label.

Control Key Row

Spacebar, perform default action for selected item.

Arrow keys, in Finder: moves up, down, right or left to next item. In text, up/down moves to previous or next line, right/left, moves to next or previous word. In web, right/left moves to next or previous element, up/down does nothing.

The Home and End keys move to the top or bottom of the area (such as a window or text area) where the VoiceOver cursor is located, scrolling if necessary. Page Up and Page Down read the previous and next page, respectively. On portable computers, you may need to press the Fn key with the arrow keys for Home, End, Page Up, and Page Down.

Level Two. With Control-Option-shift or Capslock-Shift pressed

Function Keys Row (laptops may include fn key)

Esc, not mapped.

f1, not mapped.

f2, move window to front.

f3, toggle cursor tracking.

f4, move VoiceOver cursor to keyboard focus.

f5, move VoiceOver cursor to mouse pointer.

f6, not mapped.

f7, not mapped.

f8, not mapped.

f9, resize or move braille panel (Note, press this command again to choose between move or resize).

f10, resize or move caption panel (Note, press this command again to choose between move or resize).

f11, toggle screen curtain.

f12, not mapped.

Number Keys Row

~, tilde, resize window.

1 through 0, set or remove Hot Spot.

– dash, not mapped.

=, not mapped.

Delete, not mapped.

Tab Key Row

Tab, Ignore next keypress.

Q, not mapped.

W, read contents of window.

E, not mapped.

R, not mapped.

T, read row or column numbers (Note, press the T key twice to read table dimensions).

Y, not mapped.

U, read link URL.

I, read webpage statistics.

O, not mapped.

P, not mapped.

{, decrease zoom of item in VoiceOver cursor.

}, increase zoom of item in VoiceOver cursor (Note, jump to sort button in a column).

|, jump to Header.

Caps Lock Key Row

caps lock, doubles as VO keys if pressed.

A, select text in VoiceOver cursor.

S, interact with scroll bars.

D, move to Desktop.

F, open Find Commands menu.

G, find previous searched text.

H, read item help tag.

J, jump to panel or pop up.

K, toggle Keyboard Commander.

L, not mapped.

: colon, not mapped.

" Quote, not mapped.

Return, not mapped.

Shift Key Row

Z, save last phrase to file.

X, open Hot Spot Chooser.

C, copy last phrase to pasteboard.

V, not mapped.

B, not mapped.

N, read item hint.

M, shortcut menu.

< lesser, drop item before VoiceOver cursor.

> greater, drop item after VoiceOver cursor.

? (Question Mark), VoiceOver online help.

Control Key Row

Spacebar, mouse click or double-click.

Up Arrow, Stop interacting.

Left Arrow, Previous character.

Down Arrow, Start interacting.

Right Arrow, Next character.

Level Three. With Ctrl-Option-Cmnd pressed

Function Keys Row (laptops may include fn key)

Esc, close window.

f1, not mapped.

f2, window dimensions (Note, press twice for window position and whether anything overlaps the window).

f3, item dimensions (Note, press twice to hear item position and whether anything overlaps the item).

f4, move keyboard focus to VoiceOver cursor.

f5, move mouse pointer to VoiceOver cursor.

f6, not mapped.

f7, not mapped.

f8, VoiceOver Quick Start.

f9, hide or show braille panel.

f10, hide or show caption panel.

f11, hide or show visuals.

f12, not mapped.

Eject, not mapped.

Number Keys Row

` accent, move object.

1 through 0, describe Hot Spot.

– dash, not mapped.

=, toggle table interaction.

Delete, not mapped.

Tab Key Row

Tab, not mapped.

Q, find next block quote.

W, find next block quote same level.

E, find next misspelled word.

R, not mapped.

T, find next table.

Y, find next column.

U, find next underlined text.

I, find next italic text.

O, find next font change.

P, find next plain text.

[ left bracket, find previous Web Spot.

] right bracket, find next Web Spot.

\ back slash, jump back to parent row or folder.

Caps Lock Key Row

caps lock, doubles as VO keys if pressed.

A, speak current search text in find mode.

S, find next item of same attributes.

D, find next item of different type/style.

F, find next frame in HTML.

G, find next graphic.

H, find next heading.

J, find next control.

K, find next color change.

L, find next link.

; semi-colon, not mapped.

’ Single-Quote, not mapped.

Return, Toggle multiple selection and select each item.

Shift Key Row

z, not mapped.

x, find next list.

c, find next text with different attributes.

v, find next visited link.

b, find next bold text.

n, find next auto Web Spot.

m, find next heading of same level.

, (comma), not mapped.

. (period), not mapped.

/ (slash), not mapped.

Shift, not mapped.

Control Keys Row

Spacebar, open the Actions menu.

Arrows, VoiceOver Speech Settings.

Left/Right arrows, switch between speech settings.

Up/Down arrows, increase or decrease settings.

Level Four. With Ctrl-Option-Shift-Cmnd pressed

Function Keys Row (laptops may include fn key)

Entire row, not mapped.

Number Keys Row

~ tilde, resize object.

1 through 0, monitor Hot Spot.

– dash, not mapped.

=, not mapped.

Delete, not mapped.

Tab Key Row

Tab, not mapped.

Q, find previous block quote.

W, find previous block quote same level.

E, find previous misspelled word.

R, not mapped.

T, find previous table.

Y, find previous column.

U, find previous underlined text.

I, find previous italic text.

O, find previous font change.

P, find previous plain text.

[ left curly bracket, remove Web Spot. In Finder, remove Window Spot.

] right curly bracket, set Web Spot (Note, press twice to set a Sweet Spot. In Finder, set a Window Spot.

\ back slash, not mapped.

Caps Lock Key Row

caps lock, doubles as VO keys if pressed.

A, not mapped.

S, find previous item of same type/style.

D, find previous item of different type/style.

F, find previous frame in HTML.

G, find previous graphic.

H, find previous heading.

J, find previous control.

K, find previous color change.

L, find previous link.

; semi-colon, not mapped.

’ Single-Quote, not mapped.

Return, not mapped.

Shift Key Row

z, not mapped.

x, find previous list.

c, find previous text with different attributes.

v, find previous visited link.

b, find previous bold text.

n, find previous auto Web Spot.

m, find previous heading of same level.

, (comma), not mapped.

. (period), not mapped.

/ (slash), not mapped.

Shift, not mapped.

Control Keys Row.

Spacebar, lock/unlock down mouse.

Arrows, not known.

Combined List

Arranged by single-key.

Note: VO = control-option.

Function Keys Row (laptops may require fn key as well)

Esc VO, cancel current mode. +Shift, not mapped. +Command, close window. +Shift-Command, not mapped.

f1 VO, application summary, press twice to open the Application Chooser. +Shift, not mapped. +Command, not mapped. +Shift-Command, not mapped.

f2 VO, window summary, press twice to open the Window Chooser. +shift, move window to front. +command, first press; window dimensions. Second press; window screen location. +Shift-Command, not mapped.

f3 VO, describe item in VoiceOver cursor. +shift, toggle cursor tracking. +command, item dimensions. +Shift-Command, not mapped.

f4 VO, describe item in keyboard focus. +shift, move VoiceOver cursor to keyboard focus. +command, move keyboard focus to VoiceOver cursor. +Shift-Command, not mapped.

f5 VO, describe item in mouse pointer. Press two or three times to hear the mouse location differently. +shift, move VoiceOver cursor to mouse pointer. +command, move mouse pointer to VoiceOver cursor. +Shift-Command, not mapped.

f6 VO, describe selected item. +Shift, not mapped. +Command, not mapped. +Shift-Command, not mapped.

f7 VO, not mapped at all.

f8 VO, VoiceOver Utility. +Shift, not mapped. +command, VoiceOver Quick Start. +Shift-Command, not mapped.

f9 VO, not mapped. +shift, resize or move braille panel. +command, hide or show braille panel. +Shift-Command, not mapped.

f10 VO, tile visuals. +shift, resize or move caption panel, press this command again to choose move or resize. +command, hide or show caption panel. +Shift-Command, not mapped.

f11 VO, not mapped. +shift, toggle screen curtain. +command, hide or show visuals. +Shift-Command, not mapped.

f12 VO, not mapped at all.

Eject control, shut down computer with warning. Otherwise, not mapped.

Number Keys Row (press numbers twice to open Hot Spot Chooser)

` (accent) VO, start moving window, (Esc to stop). +shift, resize window. +command, move object. +shift-command, resize object.

1 through 0 VO, jump to Hot Spot. +shift, set or remove Hot Spot. +command, describe Hot Spot. +shift-command, monitor Hot Spot.

– (dash/minus) VO, decrease system volume. Otherwise, not mapped.

= (equals) VO, increase system volume. +Shift, not mapped. +command, toggle table interaction. +Shift-Command, not mapped.

Delete VO, delete ruler marker, (in TextEdit). Otherwise, not mapped.

Tab Keys Row

Tab VO, ignore next key press. Otherwise, not mapped.

q VO, not mapped. +Shift, not mapped. +command, find next block quote. +shift-command, find previous block quote.

w VO, read word. press two or three times to spell a word in different ways. +shift, read contents of window. +command, find next block quote same level. +shift-command, find previous block quote same level.

e VO, not mapped. +Shift, not mapped. +command, find next misspelled word. +shift-command, find previous misspelled word.

r VO, read row header description. press twice to read the contents of a table row from the VoiceOver cursor to the end of the row. Otherwise, not mapped.

t VO, text attributes. +shift, read row or col numbers (Note, press the T key twice to read table dimensions). +command, find next table. + shift-command, find previous table.

y VO, not mapped. +Shift, not mapped. +command, find next column. +shift-command, find previous column.

u VO, Rotor. +shift, read link URL. +command, find next underlined text. +shift-command, find previous underlined text.

i VO, Item Chooser. +shift, read webpage statistics. +command, find next italic text. +shift-command, find previous italic text.

o VO, not mapped. +Shift, not mapped. +command, find next font change. +shift-command, find previous font change.

p VO, read paragraph. +Shift, not mapped. +command, find next plain text. +shift-command, find previous plain text.

[ (left bracket) VO, move to previous Hot Spot. +shift, decrease zoom of item in VoiceOver cursor. +command, find previous Web Spot. + shift-command, remove Web Spot. In Finder, remove Window Spot.

] (right bracket) VO, move to next Hot Spot. +shift, increase zoom of item in VoiceOver cursor (Note, jump to sort button in a column). +command, find next Web Spot. +shift-command, set Web Spot (Note, press twice to set Sweet spot. In Finder, press once to set Window Spot).

\ (BackSlash) VO, open or close disclosure triangle. +shift, Jump to Header. +command, jump back to parent row or folder. +Shift-Command, not mapped.

Caps Lock key Row

caps lock, pressed can be substitute for VO keys.

a VO, read all. Reads contents of VO cursor. When interacting with text, reads from the VoiceOver cursor to bottom of text. +shift, select text in VoiceOver cursor. +Command, speak current search text in find mode. +Shift-Command, not mapped.

s VO, read current sentence. +shift, interact with scroll bars. +Command, find next item of same attributes. +Shift-Command, find previous item of same type/style.

d VO, go to Dock. +shift, move to Desktop. +Command, find next item of different type/style. +Shift-Command, find previous item of different type/style.

f VO, find text. +shift, open Find Commands menu. +Command, find next frame in HTML. +Shift-Command, find previous frame in HTML.

g VO, find next searched text. +shift, find previous searched text. +Command, find next graphic. +Shift-Command, find previous graphic.

h VO, VoiceOver help menu. Press twice to open the Commands menu. +shift, read item help tag. +Command, find next heading. +Shift-Command, find previous heading.

j VO, jump to linked item. +shift, jump to panel or pop up. +Command, find next control. +Shift-Command, find previous control.

k VO, Live keyboard help (practice). +shift, toggle Keyboard Commander. +Command, find next color change. +Shift-Command, find previous color change.

l VO, read line. +shift, not mapped. +Command, find next link. +Shift-Command, find previous link.

; (semi-colon) VO, lock or unlock VoiceOver keys. Otherwise, not mapped.

’ (apostrophe) VO, not mapped at all.

Return VO, When in text area, start selection mode, press again to stop selecting. +shift, not mapped. +Command, Toggle multiple selection and select each item. +Shift-Command, not mapped.

Shift Key Row

z VO, read last phrase. +Shift, save last phrase to file. +Command, not mapped. +Shift-Command, not mapped.

x VO, activity chooser. Press twice to switch to the previous activity. +Shift, open hotspot chooser. +Command, find next list. +Shift-Command, find previous list.

c VO, read character or column header. Press twice to; in text – hear character phonetically. in tables – hear the contents of a column from the VoiceOver cursor to the bottom of the column. +Shift, copy last phrase to pasteboard. +Command, find next text with different attributes. +Shift-Command, find previous text with different attributes.

v VO, verbosity rotor. +Shift, not mapped. +Command, find next visited link. +Shift-Command, find previous visited link.

b VO, read from top to VoiceOver cursor. +Shift, not mapped. +Command, find next bold text. +Shift-Command, find previous bold text.

n VO, opens Notifications menu with list of current Notifications. +Shift, read item hint. +Command, find next auto Web Spot. +Shift-Command, find previous auto Web Spot.

m VO, menu bar. press twice to jump to the status menu in the menu bar. +Shift, shortcut menu. +Command, find next heading of same level. +Shift-Command, find previous heading of same level.

comma VO, mark item to drag and drop. +Shift, drop item before VoiceOver cursor. +Command, not mapped. +Shift-Command, not mapped.

period VO, drop item on VoiceOver cursor. +Shift, drop item after VoiceOver cursor. +Command, not mapped. +Shift-Command, not mapped.

slash VO, create custom label. +Shift, VoiceOver online help. +Command, not mapped. +Shift-Command, not mapped.

Control Key Row

Spacebar VO, perform default action for selected item. +Shift, click the mouse button at the mouse cursor position. +Command, Actions Menu. +Shift-Command, first press hold down mouse button at mouse cursor position, second press – release mouse button at mouse cursor position.

Arrow keys VO, in Finder: moves up, down, right or left to next item. In text, up/down moves to previous or next line, right/left, moves to next or previous word. In web, right/left moves to next or previous element, up/down navigates by Rotor setting. +Shift, in text; right and left moves focus by character. Everywhere; up and down interacts/uninteracts with areas. +Command, right and left; moves through VO speech settings, up and down; adjusts current setting. +Shift-Command, in text; arrows do nothing, in Finder; arrows navigate as normal.

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A Complete List of IOS Gestures Available to VoiceOver Users

Below is a listing of iOS finger gestures arranged by gesture type. All text, single document. Verified in iOS 10, using VoiceOver Practice; (Settings>General>Accessibility>VoiceOver>VoiceOver Practice).

Additional tips given at bottom.

Note: Much of the information gathered below is a rearrangement of Apple’s original materials. Some editing has been performed to better fit the layout. Some editor’s additions have been included, from experience and use.

Portions copyright Apple, Inc. All rights reserved.

Basic Navigation

The most direct method of navigation is to lightly drag a finger around on the screen and listen to what it touches. VoiceOver will speak everything you touch.

The Rotor

Use thumb and forefinger, like turning a knob on the surface, to choose different Rotor settings and navigation modes. The Rotor can be turned in both directions. Use 1 Finger flick up and down, to adjust each setting or to navigate in the chosen mode.

You can also place a finger from one hand on the screen, then drag a finger from the other hand around it in a circular motion and it will turn the Rotor.

Flicks

Flick Right or Left

1 Finger: move focus to next or previous item.

2 Fingers: not mapped.

3 Fingers: scroll left or right one page.

4 Fingers: switch to next or previous running app.

Flick Up or Down

1 Finger Up/Down: move focus to next or previous item using Rotor setting. Or change the status of the current Rotor setting.

2 Fingers Down:, read page starting at selected item.

2 Fingers Up: read page starting at top.

3 Fingers Up/Down: scroll up or down one page.

3 Fingers Down when VoiceOver Focus is in the Status Bar: loads Notification Center.

3 Fingers Up when VoiceOver Focus is in the Status Bar: loads Control Center.

4 Fingers: not mapped.

Taps:

Single Tap

1 Finger: select an item without activating.

2 Fingers: if VoiceOver is speaking, pauses and resumes speaking.

3 Fingers: speak page numbers or rows being displayed.

4 Fingers Near Top: move to first element on the screen (usually top-left corner element).

4 Fingers Near Bottom: move to last element on the screen (usually bottom-right corner element).

Double Tap

1 Finger: activate the selected item.

2 Fingers: stop and start the current activity. Answers or hangs up a call, pauses or resumes a video or music, plus others. See VoiceOver practice.

3 Fingers: toggles speech on and off.

4 Fingers: toggles VoiceOver help on or off.

Triple Tap

1 Finger: double tap the selected item.

2 Fingers: activate Item Chooser.

3 Fingers: toggles Screen Curtain on and off.

4 Fingers: not mapped.

Unique Gestures and Tips

Quadruple Tap with 3 Fingers: copy last spoken phrase to the clipboard.

Double Tap with 1 Finger and Hold: drags the selected item. On the Home screen, move, edit or delete apps. In text, pop-up window with editing options.

Double Tap with 2 Fingers and Hold: set a custom label.

Split Tap: place a finger on the selected item, then tap anywhere with another finger to activate the selection.

Activate Anywhere: when a item is selected, you can double-tap anywhere on the screen to activate the item. No need to tap directly on the item.

2 Finger Scrub: like drawing a ‘Z’ with both fingers close together. Dismisses alerts or goes back one screen.

2 Finger Double Tap: when editing text in any field or app, starts and stops dictation.

One Finger Double Tap and Drag: adjust a slider to a new position.

Triple Click Home Button: turns VoiceOver on and off (cam be customized in Settings>General>Accessibility>Accessibility Shortcut).

App Switcher: double-click the Home button to access all running apps; 1 finger flick left or right to move between the apps; double-tap an app with 1 finger to switch to that app; 3 finger flick up to quit a running app.

2 Finger Pinch Open: select text.

2 Finger Pinch Close: unselect text..

iPad Only:

4 Finger Tap Near Right Side of Screen: move focus to next app.

4 Finger Tap Near Left Side of Screen: move focus to previous app.

Note: it is entirely possible that I have overlooked a gesture, so please let me know in the comments of any others that you are aware of.

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A Complete List of VoiceOver Keyboard Shortcuts Available on macOS

Compiled below is a rearrangement of Apple’s published VoiceOver key commands charts, edited/confirmed for macOS Sierra.

Editor’s note: VO Key Commands are arranged by Levels. Press and hold the keys below while typing any other key.

Level One: Press Control-Option.

Level Two: Press Control-Option-Shift.

Level Three: Press Control-Option-Command.

Level Four: Press Control-Option-Command-Shift.

A “Combined Listing” has been provided at the end of this document. This offers an arrangement by keypress, with all Control keys and notes included, per key.

Except for the Combined List which is my own arrangement, all information is presented as true as possible to Apple’s original materials.

-End of Editor’s note.

All information provided is copyright Apple, Inc. All rights reserved.

Level One. With VO keys (Control-Option) pressed

Function Keys Row (laptops may include fn key)

Esc, cancel mode.

f1, application summary (Note, press twice to open the Application Chooser).

f2, window summary (Note, press twice to open the Window Chooser).

f3, describe item in VoiceOver cursor.

f4, describe item in keyboard focus.

f5, describe item in mouse pointer (Note, press two or three times to hear the mouse location differently).

f6, describe selected item.

f7, not mapped.

f8, VoiceOver Utility.

f9, not mapped.

f10, tile visuals.

f11, not mapped.

f12, not mapped.

Eject, not mapped.

Number Keys Row

Accent, start moving window, (Esc to stop).

1 through 0, jump to Hot Spot.

– (dash/minus), decrease system volume.

= (equals), increase system volume.

Delete, delete ruler marker (in TextEdit).

Tab Key Row

Tab, ignore next key press.

q, not mapped.

w, read word (Note, press two or three times to spell a word in different ways).

e, not mapped.

r, read row header description (Note, press twice to read the contents of a table row from the VoiceOver cursor to the end of the row).

t, text attributes.

y, not mapped.

u, VoiceOver Rotor.

i, Item Chooser.

o, not mapped.

p, read paragraph.

[ (left bracket), move to previous Hot Spot.

] (right bracket), move to next Hot Spot.

\ (backslash), open or close disclosure triangle.

Caps Lock Key Row

caps lock, pressed can be substitute for VO keys.

a, read all. Reads contents of VO cursor (Note, when interacting with text, reads from the VoiceOver cursor to bottom of text).

s, read current sentence.

d, go to Dock.

f, find text.

g, find next searched text.

h, VoiceOver help menu (Note, press twice to open the Commands menu).

j, jump to linked item.

k, Live keyboard help (practice).

l, read line.

; (semi-colon), lock or unlock VoiceOver keys.

’ (apostrophe), not mapped.

Return, When in text area, start selection mode, press again to stop selecting.

Shift Key Row

z, read last phrase.

x, Activity Chooser (Note, press twice to switch to the previous activity).

c, read character or column header (Note, press twice to; in text – hear character phonetically. in tables – hear the contents of a column from the VoiceOver cursor to the bottom of the column).

v, verbosity rotor.

b, read from top to VoiceOver cursor.

n, opens Notifications menu with list of current Notifications.

m, menu bar (Note, press twice to jump to the status menu in the menu bar).

, (comma), mark item to drag and drop.

. (period), drop item on VoiceOver cursor.

/ (slash), create custom label.

Control Key Row

Spacebar, perform default action for selected item.

Arrow keys, in Finder: moves up, down, right or left to next item. In text, up/down moves to previous or next line, right/left, moves to next or previous word. In web, right/left moves to next or previous element, up/down does nothing.

The Home and End keys move to the top or bottom of the area (such as a window or text area) where the VoiceOver cursor is located, scrolling if necessary. Page Up and Page Down read the previous and next page, respectively. On portable computers, you may need to press the Fn key with the arrow keys for Home, End, Page Up, and Page Down.

Level Two. With Control-Option-shift or Capslock-Shift pressed

Function Keys Row (laptops may include fn key)

Esc, not mapped.

f1, not mapped.

f2, move window to front.

f3, toggle cursor tracking.

f4, move VoiceOver cursor to keyboard focus.

f5, move VoiceOver cursor to mouse pointer.

f6, not mapped.

f7, not mapped.

f8, not mapped.

f9, resize or move braille panel (Note, press this command again to choose between move or resize).

f10, resize or move caption panel (Note, press this command again to choose between move or resize).

f11, toggle screen curtain.

f12, not mapped.

Number Keys Row

~, tilde, resize window.

1 through 0, set or remove Hot Spot.

– dash, not mapped.

=, not mapped.

Delete, not mapped.

Tab Key Row

Tab, Ignore next keypress.

Q, not mapped.

W, read contents of window.

E, not mapped.

R, not mapped.

T, read row or column numbers (Note, press the T key twice to read table dimensions).

Y, not mapped.

U, read link URL.

I, read webpage statistics.

O, not mapped.

P, not mapped.

{, decrease zoom of item in VoiceOver cursor.

}, increase zoom of item in VoiceOver cursor (Note, jump to sort button in a column).

|, jump to Header.

Caps Lock Key Row

caps lock, doubles as VO keys if pressed.

A, select text in VoiceOver cursor.

S, interact with scroll bars.

D, move to Desktop.

F, open Find Commands menu.

G, find previous searched text.

H, read item help tag.

J, jump to panel or pop up.

K, toggle Keyboard Commander.

L, not mapped.

: colon, not mapped.

" Quote, not mapped.

Return, not mapped.

Shift Key Row

Z, save last phrase to file.

X, open Hot Spot Chooser.

C, copy last phrase to pasteboard.

V, not mapped.

B, not mapped.

N, read item hint.

M, shortcut menu.

< lesser, drop item before VoiceOver cursor.

> greater, drop item after VoiceOver cursor.

? (Question Mark), VoiceOver online help.

Control Key Row

Spacebar, mouse click or double-click.

Up Arrow, Stop interacting.

Left Arrow, Previous character.

Down Arrow, Start interacting.

Right Arrow, Next character.

Level Three. With Ctrl-Option-Cmnd pressed

Function Keys Row (laptops may include fn key)

Esc, close window.

f1, not mapped.

f2, window dimensions (Note, press twice for window position and whether anything overlaps the window).

f3, item dimensions (Note, press twice to hear item position and whether anything overlaps the item).

f4, move keyboard focus to VoiceOver cursor.

f5, move mouse pointer to VoiceOver cursor.

f6, not mapped.

f7, not mapped.

f8, VoiceOver Quick Start.

f9, hide or show braille panel.

f10, hide or show caption panel.

f11, hide or show visuals.

f12, not mapped.

Eject, not mapped.

Number Keys Row

` accent, move object.

1 through 0, describe Hot Spot.

– dash, not mapped.

=, toggle table interaction.

Delete, not mapped.

Tab Key Row

Tab, not mapped.

Q, find next block quote.

W, find next block quote same level.

E, find next misspelled word.

R, not mapped.

T, find next table.

Y, find next column.

U, find next underlined text.

I, find next italic text.

O, find next font change.

P, find next plain text.

[ left bracket, find previous Web Spot.

] right bracket, find next Web Spot.

\ back slash, jump back to parent row or folder.

Caps Lock Key Row

caps lock, doubles as VO keys if pressed.

A, speak current search text in find mode.

S, find next item of same attributes.

D, find next item of different type/style.

F, find next frame in HTML.

G, find next graphic.

H, find next heading.

J, find next control.

K, find next color change.

L, find next link.

; semi-colon, not mapped.

’ Single-Quote, not mapped.

Return, Toggle multiple selection and select each item.

Shift Key Row

z, not mapped.

x, find next list.

c, find next text with different attributes.

v, find next visited link.

b, find next bold text.

n, find next auto Web Spot.

m, find next heading of same level.

, (comma), not mapped.

. (period), not mapped.

/ (slash), not mapped.

Shift, not mapped.

Control Keys Row

Spacebar, open the Actions menu.

Arrows, VoiceOver Speech Settings.

Left/Right arrows, switch between speech settings.

Up/Down arrows, increase or decrease settings.

Level Four. With Ctrl-Option-Shift-Cmnd pressed

Function Keys Row (laptops may include fn key)

Entire row, not mapped.

Number Keys Row

~ tilde, resize object.

1 through 0, monitor Hot Spot.

– dash, not mapped.

=, not mapped.

Delete, not mapped.

Tab Key Row

Tab, not mapped.

Q, find previous block quote.

W, find previous block quote same level.

E, find previous misspelled word.

R, not mapped.

T, find previous table.

Y, find previous column.

U, find previous underlined text.

I, find previous italic text.

O, find previous font change.

P, find previous plain text.

[ left curly bracket, remove Web Spot. In Finder, remove Window Spot.

] right curly bracket, set Web Spot (Note, press twice to set a Sweet Spot. In Finder, set a Window Spot.

\ back slash, not mapped.

Caps Lock Key Row

caps lock, doubles as VO keys if pressed.

A, not mapped.

S, find previous item of same type/style.

D, find previous item of different type/style.

F, find previous frame in HTML.

G, find previous graphic.

H, find previous heading.

J, find previous control.

K, find previous color change.

L, find previous link.

; semi-colon, not mapped.

’ Single-Quote, not mapped.

Return, not mapped.

Shift Key Row

z, not mapped.

x, find previous list.

c, find previous text with different attributes.

v, find previous visited link.

b, find previous bold text.

n, find previous auto Web Spot.

m, find previous heading of same level.

, (comma), not mapped.

. (period), not mapped.

/ (slash), not mapped.

Shift, not mapped.

Control Keys Row.

Spacebar, lock/unlock down mouse.

Arrows, not known.

Combined List

Arranged by single-key.

Note: VO = control-option.

Function Keys Row (laptops may require fn key as well)

Esc VO, cancel current mode. +Shift, not mapped. +Command, close window. +Shift-Command, not mapped.

f1 VO, application summary, press twice to open the Application Chooser. +Shift, not mapped. +Command, not mapped. +Shift-Command, not mapped.

f2 VO, window summary, press twice to open the Window Chooser. +shift, move window to front. +command, first press; window dimensions. Second press; window screen location. +Shift-Command, not mapped.

f3 VO, describe item in VoiceOver cursor. +shift, toggle cursor tracking. +command, item dimensions. +Shift-Command, not mapped.

f4 VO, describe item in keyboard focus. +shift, move VoiceOver cursor to keyboard focus. +command, move keyboard focus to VoiceOver cursor. +Shift-Command, not mapped.

f5 VO, describe item in mouse pointer. Press two or three times to hear the mouse location differently. +shift, move VoiceOver cursor to mouse pointer. +command, move mouse pointer to VoiceOver cursor. +Shift-Command, not mapped.

f6 VO, describe selected item. +Shift, not mapped. +Command, not mapped. +Shift-Command, not mapped.

f7 VO, not mapped at all.

f8 VO, VoiceOver Utility. +Shift, not mapped. +command, VoiceOver Quick Start. +Shift-Command, not mapped.

f9 VO, not mapped. +shift, resize or move braille panel. +command, hide or show braille panel. +Shift-Command, not mapped.

f10 VO, tile visuals. +shift, resize or move caption panel, press this command again to choose move or resize. +command, hide or show caption panel. +Shift-Command, not mapped.

f11 VO, not mapped. +shift, toggle screen curtain. +command, hide or show visuals. +Shift-Command, not mapped.

f12 VO, not mapped at all.

Eject control, shut down computer with warning. Otherwise, not mapped.

Number Keys Row (press numbers twice to open Hot Spot Chooser)

` (accent) VO, start moving window, (Esc to stop). +shift, resize window. +command, move object. +shift-command, resize object.

1 through 0 VO, jump to Hot Spot. +shift, set or remove Hot Spot. +command, describe Hot Spot. +shift-command, monitor Hot Spot.

– (dash/minus) VO, decrease system volume. Otherwise, not mapped.

= (equals) VO, increase system volume. +Shift, not mapped. +command, toggle table interaction. +Shift-Command, not mapped.

Delete VO, delete ruler marker, (in TextEdit). Otherwise, not mapped.

Tab Keys Row

Tab VO, ignore next key press. Otherwise, not mapped.

q VO, not mapped. +Shift, not mapped. +command, find next block quote. +shift-command, find previous block quote.

w VO, read word. press two or three times to spell a word in different ways. +shift, read contents of window. +command, find next block quote same level. +shift-command, find previous block quote same level.

e VO, not mapped. +Shift, not mapped. +command, find next misspelled word. +shift-command, find previous misspelled word.

r VO, read row header description. press twice to read the contents of a table row from the VoiceOver cursor to the end of the row. Otherwise, not mapped.

t VO, text attributes. +shift, read row or col numbers (Note, press the T key twice to read table dimensions). +command, find next table. + shift-command, find previous table.

y VO, not mapped. +Shift, not mapped. +command, find next column. +shift-command, find previous column.

u VO, Rotor. +shift, read link URL. +command, find next underlined text. +shift-command, find previous underlined text.

i VO, Item Chooser. +shift, read webpage statistics. +command, find next italic text. +shift-command, find previous italic text.

o VO, not mapped. +Shift, not mapped. +command, find next font change. +shift-command, find previous font change.

p VO, read paragraph. +Shift, not mapped. +command, find next plain text. +shift-command, find previous plain text.

[ (left bracket) VO, move to previous Hot Spot. +shift, decrease zoom of item in VoiceOver cursor. +command, find previous Web Spot. + shift-command, remove Web Spot. In Finder, remove Window Spot.

] (right bracket) VO, move to next Hot Spot. +shift, increase zoom of item in VoiceOver cursor (Note, jump to sort button in a column). +command, find next Web Spot. +shift-command, set Web Spot (Note, press twice to set Sweet spot. In Finder, press once to set Window Spot).

\ (BackSlash) VO, open or close disclosure triangle. +shift, Jump to Header. +command, jump back to parent row or folder. +Shift-Command, not mapped.

Caps Lock key Row

caps lock, pressed can be substitute for VO keys.

a VO, read all. Reads contents of VO cursor. When interacting with text, reads from the VoiceOver cursor to bottom of text. +shift, select text in VoiceOver cursor. +Command, speak current search text in find mode. +Shift-Command, not mapped.

s VO, read current sentence. +shift, interact with scroll bars. +Command, find next item of same attributes. +Shift-Command, find previous item of same type/style.

d VO, go to Dock. +shift, move to Desktop. +Command, find next item of different type/style. +Shift-Command, find previous item of different type/style.

f VO, find text. +shift, open Find Commands menu. +Command, find next frame in HTML. +Shift-Command, find previous frame in HTML.

g VO, find next searched text. +shift, find previous searched text. +Command, find next graphic. +Shift-Command, find previous graphic.

h VO, VoiceOver help menu. Press twice to open the Commands menu. +shift, read item help tag. +Command, find next heading. +Shift-Command, find previous heading.

j VO, jump to linked item. +shift, jump to panel or pop up. +Command, find next control. +Shift-Command, find previous control.

k VO, Live keyboard help (practice). +shift, toggle Keyboard Commander. +Command, find next color change. +Shift-Command, find previous color change.

l VO, read line. +shift, not mapped. +Command, find next link. +Shift-Command, find previous link.

; (semi-colon) VO, lock or unlock VoiceOver keys. Otherwise, not mapped.

’ (apostrophe) VO, not mapped at all.

Return VO, When in text area, start selection mode, press again to stop selecting. +shift, not mapped. +Command, Toggle multiple selection and select each item. +Shift-Command, not mapped.

Shift Key Row

z VO, read last phrase. +Shift, save last phrase to file. +Command, not mapped. +Shift-Command, not mapped.

x VO, activity chooser. Press twice to switch to the previous activity. +Shift, open hotspot chooser. +Command, find next list. +Shift-Command, find previous list.

c VO, read character or column header. Press twice to; in text – hear character phonetically. in tables – hear the contents of a column from the VoiceOver cursor to the bottom of the column. +Shift, copy last phrase to pasteboard. +Command, find next text with different attributes. +Shift-Command, find previous text with different attributes.

v VO, verbosity rotor. +Shift, not mapped. +Command, find next visited link. +Shift-Command, find previous visited link.

b VO, read from top to VoiceOver cursor. +Shift, not mapped. +Command, find next bold text. +Shift-Command, find previous bold text.

n VO, opens Notifications menu with list of current Notifications. +Shift, read item hint. +Command, find next auto Web Spot. +Shift-Command, find previous auto Web Spot.

m VO, menu bar. press twice to jump to the status menu in the menu bar. +Shift, shortcut menu. +Command, find next heading of same level. +Shift-Command, find previous heading of same level.

comma VO, mark item to drag and drop. +Shift, drop item before VoiceOver cursor. +Command, not mapped. +Shift-Command, not mapped.

period VO, drop item on VoiceOver cursor. +Shift, drop item after VoiceOver cursor. +Command, not mapped. +Shift-Command, not mapped.

slash VO, create custom label. +Shift, VoiceOver online help. +Command, not mapped. +Shift-Command, not mapped.

Control Key Row

Spacebar VO, perform default action for selected item. +Shift, click the mouse button at the mouse cursor position. +Command, Actions Menu. +Shift-Command, first press hold down mouse button at mouse cursor position, second press – release mouse button at mouse cursor position.

Arrow keys VO, in Finder: moves up, down, right or left to next item. In text, up/down moves to previous or next line, right/left, moves to next or previous word. In web, right/left moves to next or previous element, up/down navigates by Rotor setting. +Shift, in text; right and left moves focus by character. Everywhere; up and down interacts/uninteracts with areas. +Command, right and left; moves through VO speech settings, up and down; adjusts current setting. +Shift-Command, in text; arrows do nothing, in Finder; arrows navigate as normal.

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Quick tip: Disabling JavaScript with a simple keystroke

If you’re like me, you will get frustrated with JavaScript from time to time as it can play havoc with voiceover navigation on websites such as Amazon. Here is a quick tip to set up a shortcut to toggle JavaScript on or off…
capital
1. Go into preferences in safari, advanced and check the box that says Enable developer menu in menu bar”

Now, once you close preferences and hit VO M and navigate to the right, you’ll find a menu, surprisingly enough called “Develop”. In this there are a list of functions, one of which is, yeah yeah, you’re already ahead of me, “Disable JavaScript”

If you’re happy to do it this way, then read no further, however, if you want a sexy little keystroke to toggle JavaScript on and off, keep reading…
2. VO M, go left and scroll down to “System Preferences”, go to keyboards and select the “Keyboard Shortcuts” tab. Now find “App Shortcuts” in the first table, tab across and find “Add”.

3. Select “Safari” in the drop down box that appears.

4. In the following field “Shortcut Title” type:

Disable JavaScript

This has to be exactly as written above, capital D, J for Java and S for Script, no space between Java and Script. Just copy and paste, save yourself the headache. It has to be correct as it is calling the function.

5. Now move to the “Keyboard Shortcut” field and perform your preferred shortcut, I use Shift, Command J.

6. Hit “Add” And you are done.

Now, when you are in Safari and encounter annoying JavaScript that sends VO nuts, just hit Shift, Command and J. You may need to refresh the page with Command R to let the setting take effect.

Note: JavaScript, though problematic, is needed for many websites, so when you are done, make sure you switch it back on.

BONUS TIP!!!!

The more observant of you may have noticed “Disable Images” in the “Develop” menu. And yes, you can do exactly the same. I often turn off images if I’m trying to limit data use when tethered to my iPhone, or if a connection is especially slow. Repeat the above instructions replacing “Disable JavaScript” with:

Disable Images

Capital D and capital I. Unfortunately the shortcut, shift, command an I is already taken, so I use shift, command, option and I to toggle images on and off.

And there we have it. Any similar tips in the comments below. Let me know how you get on and if you do have any problems, give me a shout.

Further note:

When adding the shortcut, don’t panic when command tab doesn’t work, I believe this is a bug. Simply closing the window with command W will sort this.

Tags: 

from AppleVis – Recent Guides & Tutorials http://ift.tt/2lbjQaO
via IFTTT

Quick tip: Disabling JavaScript with a simple keystroke

If you’re like me, you will get frustrated with JavaScript from time to time as it can play havoc with voiceover navigation on websites such as Amazon. Here is a quick tip to set up a shortcut to toggle JavaScript on or off…
capital
1. Go into preferences in safari, advanced and check the box that says Enable developer menu in menu bar”

Now, once you close preferences and hit VO M and navigate to the right, you’ll find a menu, surprisingly enough called “Develop”. In this there are a list of functions, one of which is, yeah yeah, you’re already ahead of me, “Disable JavaScript”

If you’re happy to do it this way, then read no further, however, if you want a sexy little keystroke to toggle JavaScript on and off, keep reading…
2. VO M, go left and scroll down to “System Preferences”, go to keyboards and select the “Keyboard Shortcuts” tab. Now find “App Shortcuts” in the first table, tab across and find “Add”.

3. Select “Safari” in the drop down box that appears.

4. In the following field “Shortcut Title” type:

Disable JavaScript

This has to be exactly as written above, capital D, J for Java and S for Script, no space between Java and Script. Just copy and paste, save yourself the headache. It has to be correct as it is calling the function.

5. Now move to the “Keyboard Shortcut” field and perform your preferred shortcut, I use Shift, Command J.

6. Hit “Add” And you are done.

Now, when you are in Safari and encounter annoying JavaScript that sends VO nuts, just hit Shift, Command and J. You may need to refresh the page with Command R to let the setting take effect.

Note: JavaScript, though problematic, is needed for many websites, so when you are done, make sure you switch it back on.

BONUS TIP!!!!

The more observant of you may have noticed “Disable Images” in the “Develop” menu. And yes, you can do exactly the same. I often turn off images if I’m trying to limit data use when tethered to my iPhone, or if a connection is especially slow. Repeat the above instructions replacing “Disable JavaScript” with:

Disable Images

Capital D and capital I. Unfortunately the shortcut, shift, command an I is already taken, so I use shift, command, option and I to toggle images on and off.

And there we have it. Any similar tips in the comments below. Let me know how you get on and if you do have any problems, give me a shout.

Further note:

When adding the shortcut, don’t panic when command tab doesn’t work, I believe this is a bug. Simply closing the window with command W will sort this.

Tags: 

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via IFTTT